Current Network Fellows
Avetisyan worked as an Assistant Professor at the Chair of Developmental and Applied Psychology of the Armenian State Pedagogical University, Yerevan, Armenia, before taking maternity leave in 2010. From 2011-2012, she conducted a study on the “Relations between Education and Moral Judgment Competence of Police Officers and its Impact on Police Misconduct” as a Leverhulme Trust Visiting Fellow at Canterbury Christ Church University. This project explored the impact of police officers’ level of education on the perception of gain related and other types of police misconduct. From 2008 to 2010, Avetisyan was involved in research looking at the moral and psychological competencies of pre-service teachers. Although institutional malpractice was not the main focus of this project, it nevertheless revealed a significant gap in future teachers’ integrity perceptions. This revelation prompted her idea to explore institutional integrity in schools. Avetisyan’s research interest in this subject began during her time as a high school teacher and further developed after she became an Assistant Professor at the Armenian State Pedagogical University supervising pre-service teachers' internships at schools.
During the fellowship year, Avetisyan will conduct research on schoolteachers’ perceptions of professional integrity in Armenia.
Prof. Dr. Med. Dr. Phil. Nikola Biller-Andorno directs the Institute of Biomedical Ethics of the University of Zurich, Switzerland (www.ethik.uzh.ch/ibme), a WHO Collaborating Centre for Bioethics, as well as the PhD program “Biomedical Ethics and Law” (medical track) (www.bmel.uzh.ch/med). She has acted as deputy editor of the Journal of Medical Ethics from 2004 to 2011, and is Past-President of the International Association of Bioethics. She is a member of the Central Ethics Committee of the Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences, Vice-President of the Clinical Ethics Committee of the University Hospital Zurich, and a member of the Research Ethics Committee of the Federal Institute of Technology Zurich. In 2012-13, she was a Commonwealth Fund Harkness Fellow and Visiting Professor of Biomedical Ethics at Harvard University.
Her work as an Edmond J. Safra Network Fellow focuses on the impact of incentive-related conflicts of interest on quality, efficiency and equity of health care delivery.
Blom is visiting professor in the History Department of Potsdam University (Germany), in the section of intellectual history. Before he was at Erasmus University Rotterdam (The Netherlands), with visiting research positions at King’s College, Cambridge, the RSSS-ANU in Canberra, the University of Buenos Aires and the Institute for Research in the Humanities at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research focuses on the history of political thought with special attention to the interaction between the world of ideas and that of institutions. Blom believes that economic thought and ideas are part and parcel of politics, and is particularly interested in tracing the presence and handling of economic issues in the period before Adam Smith, and its significance for the construction of classical political economy. Institutional corruption is such an issue, and in republican political theory we find several answers to the challenge, depending on the precise version of republicanism. An important model here is that of well-considered self-interest, where healthy institutions promote both the general good and genuine private interests. In the full awareness of clientelism and other forms of venality and favoritism, political analysts like Hugo Grotius, Pieter de la Court, Baruch Spinoza and Bernard Mandeville devised schemata that nonetheless would promote well-being and justice. It is still a topic of debate in the Netherlands.
Blom published widely on this and related topics, i.a. Causality and Morality in politics (1995), Monarchisms in the Age of Enlightenment: Liberty, Patriotism, and the Public Good (2007), Property, Piracy and Punishment: Hugo Grotius on War and Booty in De iure praedae (2009).
Brock is a professor of Philosophy at the University of Auckland in New Zealand and received her PhD in Philosophy from Duke University. Many of her current research interests lie at the intersection of philosophy and public policy. She has written extensively on a variety of global justice issues, and more recently has turned her attention to multiple pervasive forms of corruption.. Her publications include Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Account (2009, Oxford University Press), Taxation and Global Justice (2008, Journal of Social Philosophy), Global Health and Global Health Ethics (2011, Cambridge University Press), and Debating the Brain Drain (forthcoming, Oxford University Press).
During her year as a Network Fellow, she will be exploring the extent to which institutional corruption exists in public finances, developing useful tools for addressing institutional corruption when exposed, and normative issues concerned with distributing responsibility for remedying defects associated with institutional corruption.
Cosgrove is Associate Professor at the University of Massachusetts, Boston. She received her PhD in Clinical Psychology from Duquesne University. She is co-editor of Bias in Psychiatric Diagnosis and a contributing editor to Psychiatric Ethics and the Rights of Persons with Mental Disabilities in Institutions and the Community. She has published over 40 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters, and her research on conflict of interest has been cited and discussed in major media outlets. Recent publications include "Antidepressants and breast and ovarian cancer risk: A systematic review of the epidemiological and pre-clinical literature and researchers' financial associations with industry" (with co-authors Ling, Creasey, Anaya-McKivergan, Myers, and Huybrechts) and "Comparison of DSM-IV and DSM-5 Panel Members' Financial Associations with Industry: A Pernicious Problem Persists" (with Sheldon Krimsky). Her current research agenda focuses on two main areas: developing training practices that help mental health professionals think critically about and try to avoid bias in psychiatric diagnosis, and addressing ethical and medico-legal issues that arise in psychiatry because of financial conflicts of interest. Cosgrove will continue this work as a non-residential research fellow in 2012-2013.
Luis De Sousa
Denisova-Schmidt, PhD, MBA, is a lecturer at the University of St. Gallen in Switzerland. She has taught and conducted research at the Humboldt University in Berlin, the Kennan Institute of the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, D.C., the German Institute for International and Security Affairs, and the UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies. Before moving into academia, Denisova-Schmidt worked for the VSMPO-Avisma Corporation in Russia.
Her current research interests cover corruption and informal practices in various settings in Russia and Ukraine. As an Edmond J. Safra Network Fellow, Denisova-Schmidt will work on the economy of influence at Russian universities.
Farmanesh is an assistant professor of policy studies at the VCU Wilder School and a visiting professor at the University of Toronto. Prior to joining the Wilder School, he taught at the Smith Business School and School of Public Policy at the University of Maryland, College Park. Farmanesh is a frequent consultant to the World Bank and the United Nations, and has served as a McNamara/Japan fellow with the World Bank Group, an Erasmus Mundus fellow with the European Commission, and a Mirzayan Policy fellow with the U.S. National Academy of Sciences. Farmanesh holds a B.Eng. from the University of Science and Technology, an M.A. and M.P.A. from Syracuse University Maxwell School, and a Ph.D. in Policy Studies from the University of Maryland, College Park where he worked with Professor Thomas Schelling as his Ph.D. adviser.
Farmanesh’s research interest includes enabling policy environments, applied business ethics in developing countries (e.g., illicit financial flows, anti-money laundering, and business bribery), and the application of data mining in the social sciences context. He has introduced Business Bribery Index (BBI), which offers the first disaggregate currency-level estimate of bribery between businesses and governments across 140 countries.
Gup is the author of three nonfiction books - The Book of Honor (Doubleday), Nation of Secrets (Doubleday), and A Secret Gift (Penguin). He was a staff writer on the Washington Post's investigative team, and later was a Congressional and investigative correspondent with Time. His work has appeared in Smithsonian, National Geographic, The New York Times, Newsweek, Sports Illustrated, Slate, Mother Jones, Columbia Journalism Review and NPR. He has been a Fulbright Scholar to China, a Guggenheim Fellow, and a Fellow of the Shorenstein Center at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government. A Pulitzer finalist, he has received a George Polk Award, the Worth Bingham Prize, Book-of-the-Year from Investigative Reporters and Editors, and the Goldsmith Book Prize from Harvard's Shorenstein Center. He has taught at Georgetown, Johns Hopkins, Case Western Reserve, Emerson, and the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Gup holds a B.A. from Brandeis University in the classics and a law degree from Case Western Reserve University. During his fellowship year, he will examine the degree to which partisanship has undermined oversight functions in the federal government.
Kober is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Bridgewater State University. Previously she was a lecturer at Tufts, and a Fellow in Philosophy at Harvard. She received her PhD from Boston University, where she focused on philosophy of biology and scientific classification. Kober works in applied ethics, primarily on issues in medicine, public health, and bioethics. As a Network Fellow she will look into the effectiveness of ethical education and the prospects for heightening ethical sensibilities through teaching or training. Specifically, the project will attempt to evaluate the impact of classroom study of ethics on ethical judgments.