Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics


directorLawrence Lessig
Director, Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics
Faculty Fellow, 1996-1997
Faculty Associate, 1997-2000
Director, 2009-
Lawrence Lessig is the Roy L. Furman Professor of Law and Leadership at Harvard Law School, and director of the Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics at Harvard University. Prior to rejoining the Harvard faculty, Lessig was a professor at Stanford Law School, where he founded the school's Center for Internet and Society, and at the University of Chicago. He clerked for Judge Richard Posner on the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals and Justice Antonin Scalia on the United States Supreme Court.

Lessig serves on the Boards of Creative Commons, AXA Research Fund and iCommons.org, and on the Advisory Boards of the Sunlight Foundation, the Better Future Project, and Democracy Café. He is a Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Philosophical Association, and has received numerous awards, including the Free Software Foundation's Freedom Award, Fastcase 50 Award and was named one of Scientific American's Top 50 Visionaries.

Lessig holds a BA in economics and a BS in management from the University of Pennsylvania, an MA in philosophy from Cambridge, and a JD from Yale.



beerbohm_thumbEric Beerbohm
Director, Edmond J. Safra Graduate Fellowships in Ethics

Faculty Fellow 2009-2010
Director 2010-

Eric Beerbohm is the Frederick S. Danzinger Associate Professor of Government and the Committee on Social Studies at Harvard University and Director of Graduate Fellowships at the Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics. His philosophical and teaching interests include democratic theory, theories of distributive justice, and the philosophy of social science. He is currently working on a theory of democratic lawmaking, including principles that bear on legislative compromise, obstructionism, and political leadership. His book, In Our Name: The Ethics of Democracy (Princeton University Press, 2012), considers the responsibility of citizens for for political injustice. He has also written on the implications of moral uncertainty for political decision-making, the demandingness of deliberative democracy, and the moral risks imposed by anti-egalitarian social policies. A Marshall Scholar and Mellon Fellow in the Humanities and Social Sciences, he received his Ph.D. from Princeton University in 2008, B.Phil. in Philosophy from Oxford University, and BA in Political Science and the Program in Ethics in Society from Stanford University. He was a Faculty Fellow at the Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics in 2008-2009. He is a recipient of the 2012 Roslyn Abramson Award, given annually to two Harvard faculty in Arts and Sciences for "excellence and sensitivity in undergraduate teaching."


The Faculty Committee members are among the most distinguished scholars in the University. They are appointed by the Provost and represent the University's professional schools and the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. They advise the Director on all significant matters of policy, and provide wisdom and counsel to the fellows of the Center.

The Faculty Associates in Ethics represent a variety of departments and schools throughout the University. They are leaders in teaching, course development, and research. Many are alumni of the Center, who subsequently were appointed members of the Harvard faculty.

Faculty Commitee | Faculty Associates in Ethics

University Faculty Committee

Arthur Applbaum

Adams Professor of Political Leadership and Democratic Values, Harvard Kennedy School
  • Faculty Fellow, 1987-1988
  • Director, Edmond J. Safra Graduate Fellowship Program, 1990-2009
  • Faculty Committee, 2000-
  • Acting Director, 2004-2005, 2007-2009
  • Director, Edmond J. Safra Undergraduate Fellowship Program, 2013-

Arthur Isak Applbaum is Adams Professor of Political Leadership and Democratic Values at Harvard Kennedy School. He directed the graduate fellowship program from 1990 to 2009 and was acting director of the Center in 2004-2005 and 2007-2009. In 2013 he took up directorship of the undergraduate fellowship program. He developed and teaches the Kennedy School's core course in political ethics. Professor Applbaum's work on political philosophy and professional ethics has appeared in Philosophy & Public Affairs, Journal of the American Medical Association, Harvard Law Review, Ethics, and Legal Theory. He has written about the ethics of executioners and of butlers, and has consulted to the government about the ethics of spies. He is the author of Ethics for Adversaries: The Morality of Roles in Political and Professional Life (Princeton University Press, 1999). Recent articles include "Legitimacy Without the Duty to Obey" and "Forcing a People to Be Free." He has been a member of Harvard's Advisory Committee on Shareholder Responsibility and chairs the ethics advisory board of a stem cell research foundation. Applbaum holds an A.B. degree from Princeton University and an M.P.P. and Ph.D. from Harvard. He has been a Fulbright Scholar in Jerusalem and a Rockefeller Visiting Fellow at the Princeton University Center for Values.
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Joseph Badaracco

John Shad Professor of Business Ethics; Senior Associate Dean; Chair, MBA Program, Harvard Business School
  • Faculty Committee, 1987-
  • Senior Scholar, 1989-1990

Professor Badaracco is a member of the Harvard Business School's General Management Area and has taught courses on strategy, general management, business-government relations, and business ethics in the School's MBA and executive programs. He is a graduate of St. Louis University, Oxford University, where he was a Rhodes Scholar, and Harvard Business School, where he earned an MBA and a DBA. He is course head for the required first-year General Management course, and teaches second-year electives on business ethics. Professor Badaracco has taught in executive programs in the United States, Japan, and several other countries. He is the author of Loading the Dice, which compares business-government relations in five countries;The Knowledge Link, which Fortune magazine selected as one of the outstanding management books of 1991, and is co-author of Leadership and the Quest for Integrity. His more recent books include Business Ethics: Roles and Responsibilities; Defining Moments: When Managers Must Choose Between Right and Right, and Questions of Character. His books have been translated into ten languages. His newest research asks what can be learned about business ethics by focusing on entrepreneurs rather than CEO's. More Information

Professor Badaracco was a Senior Scholar in Ethics in 1989-90, and was the first tenured faculty member in ethics at the Business School. His efforts to integrate ethics teaching into the curriculum contributed in no small way to the establishment, in 2004, of the first required, full-length ethics course in the School's history. "Leadership and Corporate Accountability" focuses on the complex responsibilities facing business leaders today.

Nir Eyal

Assistant Professor, Global Health and Social Medicine (Medical Ethics), Harvard Medical School; faculty member, Harvard University Program in Ethics and Health
  • Faculty Fellow, 2009-2010
  • Faculty Committee, 2010-

Nir Eyal is Assistant Professor in Global Health and Social Medicine (Medical Ethics) at Harvard Medical School, and a faculty member of the University Program in Ethics and Health. His work in bioethics, political philosophy and consequentialist moral theory investigates questions about informed consent, markets in organs, and the global medical brain drain crisis. He is completing a book that defends a consequentialist approach to respect for persons and applies that approach to normative questions in bioethics and political theory. He will also explore when fully free, informed, and competent consent is necessary for legitimate intervention, and when lower levels of freedom, information, and competence are sufficient.  More information

Archon Fung

Ford Foundation Professor of Democracy and Citizenship, Harvard Kennedy School
  • Senior Scholar, 2006-2007
  • Faculty Associate, 2007-2009
  • Faculty Committee, 2009-

Professor Fung's research focuses on the impacts of civic participation, public deliberation, and transparency upon public and private governance. His Empowered Participation: Reinventing Urban Democracy (Princeton University Press, 2004), examines two participatory-democratic reform efforts in low-income Chicago neighborhoods. Current projects examine those same initiatives in electoral reform, urban planning and governance, public services, ecosystem management, and international labor standards. His most recent book is Full Disclosure: The Perils and Promise of Transparency (Cambridge University Press, with Mary Graham and David Weil). Professor Fung is the author of five books, three edited collections, and over fifty articles appearing in journals including Political Theory, Journal of Political Philosophy, Politics and Society, Governance, Journal of Policy and Management, Environmental Management, American Behavioral Scientist, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, and Boston Review. He received two SB degrees and a PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.  More information

Professor Fung was a Senior Scholar in Ethics in 2006-2007, and became a Faculty Associate of the Ethics Center at the end of that year.

Frances Kamm

Lucius Littauer Professor of Philosophy and Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School; Professor of Philosophy, Harvard Department of Philosophy
  • Faculty Fellow, 1989-1990
  • Senior Scholar, 2003-2006, 2008-2013
  • Faculty Associate, 2003-2009
  • Faculty Committee, 2010-

Professor Kamm specializes in normative ethical theory and problems in practical ethics related to medicine and law. She has received a grant from the American Council of Learned Societies and fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation, the American Association of University Women, Columbia Law School, the Edmond J. Safra Foundation Center for Ethics at Harvard, the Center for Human Values at Princeton University, the Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, and the Petrie-Flom Center at Harvard Law School. She is a member of the editorial boards of Philosophy & Public Affairs, Utilitas, Legal Theory, The Journal of Moral Philosophy, and Bioethics, and the advisory board of Routledge International Library of Philosophy and the international advisory board of the Uehiro Center for Ethics, Oxford University. She serves on the steering committee of the Harvard Program in Ethics and Health. Her most recent publication is Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harms, Oxford Ethics Series (2006). She is also the author of Creation and Abortion (Oxford, 1992); Morality, Mortality, vols. I and II (Oxford, 1993, 1996); "Nonconsequentialism, the Person as an End-In-Itself and the Significance of Status" (Philosophy & Public Affairs, 1992); "Abortion and the Value of Life: A Discussion of Life's Dominion" (Columbia Law Review, 1995); "A Right to Choose Death?" (Boston Review, 1997); "Failures of Just War Theory" (Ethics, 2005); and "Terrorism and Several Moral Distinctions" (Legal Theory, 2006).  More information

Professor Kamm was a Faculty Fellow in Ethics (1989-1990), and has been a Senior Scholar in Ethics (2003-2006 and 2008-2009).  She has been a Faculty Associate of the Ethics Center since 2003.

Mathias Risse

Professor of Philosophy and Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School
  • Faculty Associate, 2003-
  • Faculty Fellow, 2003-2004
  • Faculty Committee, 2014-

Mathias Risse is Professor of Philosophy and Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School. He works mostly in social and political philosophy and in ethics. His primary research areas are contemporary political philosophy (in particular questions of international justice, distributive justice, and property) and decision theory (in particular, rationality and fairness in group decision making, an area sometimes called analytical social philosophy). His articles have appeared in journals such as Ethics; Philosophy and Public Affairs; Nous; the Journal of Political Philosophy; and Social Choice and Welfare. Risse studied philosophy, mathematics, and mathematical economics at the University of Bielefeld, the University of Pittsburgh, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and Princeton University. He received his BA, BS and MS in mathematics from Bielefeld, and his MA and PhD in philosophy from Princeton. Before coming to Harvard he taught in the Department of Philosophy and the Program in Ethics, Politics and Economics at Yale. His books "On Global Justice" and "Global Political Philosophy" were both published in 2012.

Professor Risse was a Faculty Fellow in Ethics in 2003-2004 and became a Faculty Associate of the Ethics Center at the end of that year.

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Nancy Rosenblum

Senator Joseph Clark Professor of Ethics in Politics and Government, Department of Government, Harvard University
  • Senior Scholar, 2003-2004
  • Faculty Committee, 2007-

Nancy Rosenblum was appointed Chair of the Department of Government in 2004, having joined the department as a professor in January 2001. Her fields of study are the history of modern political thought, contemporary political theory, and constitutional law. Professor Rosenblum is the author of several books, including On the Side of the Angels: An Appreciation of Parties and Partisanship (Princeton University Press, 2008) and Membership and Morals: The Personal Uses of Pluralism in America, which was awarded the 2002 David Easton Award (ASPA). She is a member of the American Political Science Association Taskforce on Religion and Politics, and has contributed a chapter to their volume Religious Pluralism and the Logic of Congruence. Her memberships at Harvard include the Committee on Appointments and Promotions and the University Committee on Human Rights. Professor Rosenblum is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.  More information

Professor Rosenblum was a Senior Scholar in Ethics in 2003-2004, and became a member of the Faculty Committee in 2007.

Tommie Shelby

Professor of African and African American Studies and of Philosophy, Harvard University
  • Faculty Associate, 2004-2009
  • Senior Scholar, 2009-2010
  • Faculty Committee, 2010-

Professor Shelby is Professor of African and African American Studies and of Philosophy at Harvard University. He received his B.A. from Florida A & M University (1990) and Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh (1998). Prior to coming to Harvard in 2000, he taught philosophy at Ohio State University (1996-2000). His main areas of research and teaching focus on racial and economic justice and on the history of black political thought.

Professor Shelby is the author of We Who Are Dark: The Philosophical Foundations of Black Solidarity (Harvard, 2005) and coeditor (with Derrick Darby) of Hip Hop and Philosophy: Rhyme 2 Reason (Open Court, 2005). Other recent publications include "Justice, Deviance, and the Dark Ghetto," Philosophy & Public Affairs (2007); "Race and Social Justice: Rawlsian Considerations," Fordham Law Review (2004); "Blackness and Blood: Interpreting African American Identity," with Lionel K. McPherson, Philosophy & Public Affairs (2004); "Ideology, Racism, and Critical Social Theory," The Philosophical Forum (2003); "Parasites, Pimps, and Capitalists: A Naturalistic Conception of Exploitation," Social Theory and Practice (2002); and "Foundations of Black Solidarity: Collective Identity or Common Oppression?" Ethics (2002). He is also the coeditor of the journal Transition.

His current book project, tentatively entitled "Justice and the Dark Ghetto," investigates the questions of justice that arise when thinking systematically about problems of race and urban poverty.  More information

Professor Shelby has been a Faculty Associate of the Ethics Center since 2004, and was a Senior Scholar in Ethics in 2009-2010.

Robert Truog

Professor of Medical Ethics, Anaesthesiology and Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School; Senior Associate in Critical Care Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital
  • Faculty Fellow, 1990-1991
  • Senior Scholar, 2001-2002
  • Faculty Committee, 2002-

Dr. Robert Truog is Professor of Medical Ethics, Anaesthesiology & Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School and a Senior Associate in Critical Care Medicine at Boston Children's Hospital. Dr. Truog received his medical degree from the University of California, Los Angeles and is board certified in the practices of pediatrics, anesthesiology, and pediatric critical care medicine.  He also holds a Master's Degree in Philosophy from Brown University and an honorary Master's of Arts from Harvard University.

Dr. Truog has practiced pediatric intensive care medicine at Boston Children's Hospital for more than 20 years, and served as Chief of the Division for ten years. Currently, as Director of Clinical Ethics at Harvard Medical School he has a leadership role in teaching ethics across the undergraduate curriculum. As Executive Director of the Institute for Professionalism and Ethical Practice, he creates and teaches highly interactive seminars to enhance the relational and communication skills of clinicians across a variety of topics, including breaking bad news, discussing organ donation with families, and disclosure of adverse events and medical error. As Chair of Harvard's Embryonic Stem Cell Oversight Committee (ESCRO), he is engaged in the interesting and difficult challenges of defining the ethical parameters of stem cell research.

Dr. Truog has published more than 200 articles in bioethics and related disciplines, and his writings on the subject of brain death have been translated into several languages. He recently authored national guidelines for providing end-of-life care in the Intensive Care Unit. He is Principal Investigator on an R0-1 grant from the NIH to improve end-of-life care in pediatric intensive care units.

He lectures widely nationally and internationally, and has testified before the President's Council on Bioethics and the German Parliament.  Dr. Truog is an active member of numerous committees and advisory boards, and has received several awards over the years, including The Christopher Grenvik Memorial Award from the Society of Critical Care Medicine for his contributions and leadership in the area of ethics. More information

Dr. Truog was a Faculty Fellow in Ethics in 1990-1991 and a Senior Scholar in Ethics from 2001-2003. He was appointed to the Faculty Committee in 2002.

David Wilkins

Lester Kissel Professor of Law; Director, Program on the Legal Profession; Vice Dean for Global Initiatives on the Legal Profession, Harvard Law School
  • Faculty Fellow, 1989-1990
  • Faculty Associate, 1990-2009
  • Faculty Committee, 2009-

David Wilkins is the Vice Dean for Global Initiatives on the Legal Profession, the Lester Kissel Professor of Law, and the Faculty Director of the Program on the Legal Profession at Harvard Law School. He is also a Senior Research Fellow of the American Bar Foundation.

Wilkins has written extensively on the legal profession in leading scholarly journals and the popular press and is the co-author (along with his Harvard Law School colleague Andrew Kaufman) of one of the leading casebooks in the field. His current scholarly projects on the profession include After the JD, a ten-year nationwide longitudinal study of lawyers' careers, the Harvard Law School Career Study, a quantitative and qualitative examination of how corporations purchase legal services, an empirical project on the development of "ethical infrastructure" in large law firms based on a series of focus groups with leading practitioners and regulators, an examination of the practice of "offshoring" legal work to India, and over 200 in-depth interviews in connection with a forthcoming Oxford University Press book on the development of the black corporate bar.

Wilkins teaches several courses on lawyers and other related professionals, including the country's first four credit Legal Profession course, and seminars on Legal Education for the Twenty-First Century: Global Perspectives on Preparing Lawyers for Global Careers, Cause Lawyers, and The Future(s) of the Large Law Firm. He is also one of seven Harvard Law School faculty members who will teach the school's new required course for all first-year students entitled Problem Solving. Wilkins is a principal faculty member in the Law School's Executive Education program, where he teaches courses on Leadership in Law Firms and Leadership in Corporate Counsel. He has also served on several Law School and University committees, including the University-wide Task Force on Professional Schools.

Wilkins is a frequent speaker at academic institutions and conferences, bar organizations, and law firms and other professional service organizations in the United States and around the world. He has received numerous honors and awards, including being selected as the 2009 Commencement Speaker at the University of Iowa College of Law and the 2008 Distinguished Scholar by the Order of the Coif.

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Professor Wilkins was a Faculty Fellow in Ethics in 1989-1990, and became a Faculty Associate of the Ethics Center at the end of that year.